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How Drugs & Alcohol Can Fuel Violent Behaviors

By Imran Khan | Sober living | No Comments

A very high percentage of perpetrators of intimate partner violence have alcohol dependence or abuse issues in general. The level of alcohol abuse by the perpetrator also correlates with the frequency, severity, and timing of the abuse. Many perpetrators of intimate partner violence use alcohol as an excuse or justification for their actions and promise their victims that their violence was the result of alcohol and not their own actions. In Finland alone, 491 persons were killed within 4 years period and ~82% of the perpetrators were intoxicated with alcohol, where 39% of them were alcoholics and 45% of the reported murders were committed with knives (Liem et al., 2013). In Singapore, out of 253 homicide offenders, 141 individuals (56%) were suffering from AUD and 121 offenders (48%) drank alcohol within 24 h preceding their criminal offense (Yeo et al., 2019).

An estimated 37 % of sexual assaults and rapes are committed by offenders who were under the influence of alcohol. Sexual assault can occur when there is a lack of consent, as well as when the victim is unable to give consent due to intoxication or mental state. It was initially reported that women are less likely to engage in binge drinking patterns than men (Bobrova et al., 2010). However, in the recent years, data from the United States indicate that the binge-drinking rate in adult women (age 21–49 years) has been rising (Hasin et al., 2019; Sarah and Keyes, 2020). Evidence suggests that there is a little convergence in the pattern of binge drinking in men and women.

Alcoholism and alcohol use disorders

Two-thirds of victims who were attacked by an intimate (including a current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend) reported that alcohol had been involved, and only 31% of victimizations by strangers are alcohol-related. Nearly 500,000 incidents between intimates involve offenders who have been drinking; in addition, 118,000 incidents of family violence (excluding spouses) involve alcohol, as 4 Ways to Make Amends in Recovery do 744,000 incidents among acquaintances. The scatter plot compares the prevalence of alcohol use disorders in males versus that of females. In 2017 — with the exception of Ukraine — the prevalence of alcohol dependence in men was higher than in women across all countries. When we look at national averages in this way there is not a distinct relationship between income and alcohol consumption.

People who are drunk in public are one bad decision away from becoming harder criminals. NCADD recognizes the serious connection between alcohol, drugs and crime across the nation. But, our organization also recognizes, from decades of experience, that millions of people who have been in the criminal justice system have broken the chain of incarceration and substance use. When prescription drugs are abused (taken without medical supervision), impaired driving and other harmful reactions become much more likely. In the chart we see prevalence of alcohol dependence versus the average per capita alcohol consumption. Overall there is not a clear relationship between the two, although there may be a slight positive correlation, particularly when viewed by region (e.g. in Europe).

Serotonin in AUD and Aggression

Alcohol related crime could cause the offender to lose some money or freedom. But, more importantly, those crimes could also have lifelong consequences for friends, family members, or even total strangers. The problem may be centered on one person, but the consequences radiate to everyone in their proximity. 1.9 million of 2.4 million juvenile arrests had substance abuse and addiction involvement, while only 68,600 juveniles received substance abuse treatment. In 2007, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, approximately one in eight weekend, nighttime drivers tested positive for illicit drugs.

which crime is often related to alcohol use

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